Tenses Explanation

Tenses

Note for below table : Here it can be any verb instead of “go”. “Went” is past form of go.

 
am,
is,
are
was, were
has, have
had
go, goes
went

(past form)

will, shall
will have,
shall have
I am was has had go went shall shall have
We are were have had go went shall shall have
You are were have had go went will will have
He are was has had goes went will will have
She is was has had goes went will will have
It is was has had goes went will will have
They are were have had go went will will have
Ram is was has had goes went will will have
Sita is was has had goes went will will have
Ram

and

Sita

are were have had go went will will have

Note : In below tables,

  • V1 = main verb  (e.g. go),
  • V2 = past form of verb (e.g. went),
  • V3 = past participle of verb (e.g. gone)
  • Ving = verb + ing (e.g. going)
  • S = subject (I,we,she,Ram,Sita etc.)

 

   Simple Tense
Present V1

V1 + s

V1 + es

I write a letter.

Ram writes a letter.

Ram goes to school.

Past V2 I wrote a letter.

Ram wrote a letter.

Future will + V1

shall + V1

I shall write a letter.

Ram will write a letter.

 

   Continuous Tense
Present am + Ving

is + Ving

are + Ving

I am writing a letter.

Ram is writing a letter.

They are writing letters.

Past was + Ving

were + Ving

I was writing a letter.

Ram was writing letter.

They were writing letters.

Future shall be + Ving

will be + Ving

I shall be writing a letter.

Ram will be writing a letter.

Perfect Tense
Present has + V3

have + V3

Ram has written a letter.

I have written a letter.

Past had + V3 I had written a letter.

Ram had written a letter.

Future shall have + V3

will have + V3

I shall have written a letter.

Ram will have written a letter.

Perfect Continuous Tense
Present
Tense
has been + Ving

have been + Ving

I have been writing a letter.

Ram has been writing a letter.

Past
Tense
 had been + Ving I had been writing a letter.

Ram had been writing a letter.

Future
Tense
will have been + Ving

shall have been + Ving

I shall have been writing a letter.

Ram will have been writing a letter.

Simple Tense In Negative
Present  do not + V1

does not + V1

I do not write a letter.

Ram does not write a letter.

Ram does not go to school.

Past did not + V1 I did not write a letter.

Ram did not write a letter.

Future will not + V1

shall not + V1

I shall not write a letter.

Ram will not write a letter.

 

Continuous Tense In Negative
Present am not + Ving

is not + Ving

are not + Ving

I am not writing a letter.

Ram is not writing a letter.

They are not writing letters.

Past was not + Ving

were not + Ving

I was not writing a letter.

Ram was not writing letter.

They were not writing letters.

Future shall not be + Ving

will not be + Ving

I shall not be writing a letter.

Ram will not be writing a letter.

Perfect Tense In Negative Form
Present have not + V3

has not + V3

I have not written a letter.

Ram has not written a letter.

Past had not + V3 I had not written a letter.

Ram had not written a letter.

Future shall not have + V3

will not have + V3

I shall not have written a letter.

Ram will not have written a letter.

Perfect Continuous Tense Negative Form
Present
Tense
have not been + Ving

has not been + Ving

I have not been writing a letter.

Ram has not been writing a letter.

Past
Tense
had not been + Ving I had not been writing a letter.

Ram had not been writing a letter.

Future
Tense
will not have been + Ving

shall not have been + Ving

I shall not have been writing a letter.

Ram will not have been writing a letter.

Simple Tense In Interrogative Form
Present Do + S + V……?

Does + S + V……?

Do I write a letter?

Does Ram  write a letter?

Does Ram  go to school?

Past Did  + S + V…..? Did I write a letter?

Did Ram write a letter?

Future Will + S + V……?

Shall + S + V……?

Shall I write a letter?

Will Ram write a letter?

 

Continuous Tense Interrogative Form
Present Am  + S + Ving….?

Is  + S +Ving…..?

Are  + S + Ving….?

Am I writing a letter?

Is Ram writing a letter?

Are they writing letters?

Past Was  +  S + Ving….?

Were + S + Ving…..?

Was I writing a letter?

Was Ram writing letter?

Were they writing letters?

Future Shall  + S + be + Ving……?

Will  + S + be + Ving……?

Shall I be writing a letter?

Will Ram be writing a letter?

Perfect Tense  Interrogative Form
Present Have + S  + V3…….?

Has  + S  + V3…………?

Have I written a letter?

Has Ram written a letter?

Past Had + S + V3………..? Had I written a letter?

Had Ram written a letter?

Future Shall have + S  + V3…….?

Will have + S  + V3…………?

Shall I have written a letter?

Will Ram have written a letter?

Perfect Continuous Tense Interrogative Form
Present
Tense
Have + S + been + Ving…….?

Has + S + been + Ving…….?

Have I been writing a letter?

Has Ram been writing a letter?

Past
Tense
Had + S + been + Ving….? Had I been writing a letter?

Had Ram been writing a letter?

Future
Tense
Will  + S + have been + Ving……?

Shall  + S + have been + Ving……?

Shall I have been writing a letter?

Will Ram have been writing a letter?

 

 

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